About Our Wines
The Grape Wine Club offers a wide selection from all over the world, stemming to the Old World to the New World. We will have our signature wines, but our wine cellar will continuously change and grow to offer our customers an opportunity to enjoy many different grapes. To know and enjoy wine, you must experience many different Grapes, Regions, and Styles.
Old World Wines(Old World Wines come from the “classic wine making regions” in Europe)
France is one of the most important wine producing countries in the world. This is largely due to its wide diversity of terroirs, varieties, and wine styles, along with its long history of producing some of the world’s most exclusive wines.
Part of France’s diversity comes from its unique range of climates. In the north-east is the famous Champagne region with one of the coolest climates of the wine growing world, while the warm, dry southern Rhone Valley is located 350 miles away in the south-east. Another of France’s well known regions; Bordeaux has a climate influenced by the Atlantic Ocean to its west and the river valley through the middle. Regions such as Burgundy are influenced by the land mass of the European continent to the east and experience far more extreme climate conditions with warm Mediterranean climates – characterized by hot, dry summers and relatively mild winters.
Italy is a country steeped in history, culture and cuisine, as well as a rich vinicultural heritage. Over the centuries the Greeks, Etruscans, and the Romans have played a significant role in the development of different wine styles, the way grapevines were grown, the evolution of winemaking traditions and the considerable changes in the wine storage as wine moved from amphorae to bottle. Culture and cuisine have also played their part in influencing Italian wine. Wines are made with an aim to partner the rich and varied Italian gastronomy, the subtle flavors working in harmony with the food, without making too bold a statement.
There is no mistaking Italy on a map with its long boot-like shape. Famed for its huge diversification of terroirs, grape varieties, and wine styles, Italy, alongside France and Spain has more land under vine than any other country, boasting more than 50 million hectoliters of wine production, and like the French, is the most widely exported wine in the world, with Germany, Great Britain, and the United States being the main importers.
Spain occupies a special place in the world of wine thanks largely to its rich history and tradition in quality winemaking, the diversity in types and styles of wines produced and the volume of production, which is only behind Italy and France.
Lying between the 36 and 43 degrees northern latitudes, this vast land stretches from the warm and humid Mediterranean coast in the south and west to the cool and wet influences of the Atlantic in the north with a number of different mountain ranges dotting the landscape, each adding their own influence to the grape growing conditions here. In between lies the enormous Iberian plateau, a largely arid landmass with a number of major rivers crawling their way through the area’s vineyards. Being so far from the coastal effects, with plentiful sunshine, this region’s climate suits the production of red wines as well as the grape variety Airén used in the production of brandy.
The Atlantic influenced vineyards of the north specialize in creating light, dry, and refreshing white wines, whereas the ones close to the Mediterranean sea produce sumptuous, albeit heavy and often alcoholic reds. Important exceptions are the inland and comparatively higher altitude Catalan vineyards which have excelled in the production of Cava, Spain’s very own sparkling wine produced by the traditional Champagne method.
The southern province of Andalucia with a mix of Atlantic and Mediterranean influences is the home to one of the greatest fortified wines of the world, Sherry.
New World Wines(Refers to wines produced outside the traditional wine-growing areas of Europe)
Argentina is one of the world’s biggest wine producing countries by volume. The country’s icon grape variety, Malbec, has played a dominant role in winning worldwide acclaim for Argentina’s wines.
There are a number of developing regions, including Jujuy in the far north, and Neuquen in the far south, separated by over 1250 miles. The official names and boundaries of wine regions is also changing year by year, as market forces and emerging regions change the shape of the Argentine wine map. In 1993, Lujan de Cuyo, in Mendoza, became Argentina’s first officially recognized controlled appellation.
Argentina’s geography includes high altitudes and semi-desert landscapes; in fact the majority of the country’s vineyards are located around dry, mountainous areas. High altitude and low latitude lead to increased sunshine levels, and higher diurnal temperature variation. This combination is ideal for developing balanced sugars and acidity in grapes.
Australia is an extremely important wine-producing country, both in terms of quality and the sheer scale of its wine economy. It ranks 6th in terms of contribution to the volume of world wine production and as of 2009, the country was the fourth biggest exporter of wine.
The vast landscape of Australia with an even broader range of climate and geography makes it one of the most versatile wine growing countries of the world. Overall, the climate is impacted by its southern latitude but regional features like altitude and proximity to water bodies play a huge role in shaping up its wine landscape. With such variable conditions it is not surprising that there is hardly any style of wine that is not produced across its seven states.
Chile has been a wine-producing country since the first European settlers arrived in the mid 16th century. The first vines were brought to Chile by missionaries, via Peru, California, and directly from Spain.
Prior to 1980’s, Chilean winemaking used beechwood tanks and barrels, the introduction of stainless steel tanks and oak barrels was a milestone in Chilean winemaking, marking the start of a new technology-driven era.
Chile’s reputation rests on the strong performance of its Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot based wines, but Chardonnay, Syrah, and Sauvignon Blanc also thrive in Chilean terroirs. Riesling and Gewurztraminer are up and coming varieties in Chile, particularly in the cooler southern regions. Carmenere, once widely grown in Bordeaux, is Chile’s signature red variety.
New Zealand in the southern hemisphere making it the southernmost wine growing country in the world and covers 1000 miles in length. New Zealand has 10 major wine growing regions spread across the North and South islands with their own unique growing conditions that reflect in the wide range of wine styles produced.
It has vineyards predominantly on the coast and thus provides a maritime climate for many sites experiencing sea breezes and sunlight during the day followed by cool nights.
Although the country has earned global recognition for the distinct style of Sauvignon Blanc, produced in Marlborough, wines produced from other grape varieties such as Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, and Riesling have also set high standards.
South Africa is one of the few wine growing countries which demonstrates a mix of “Old” and “New World” cultures when it comes to the styles of wine produced. While the sparkling and majority of the still wines follow New World winemaking practices, there are many well known fortified and dessert wines that are more in line with their Old World counterparts.
A diverse range of grapes are grown throughout South Africa’s wine producing regions. Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay top the whites list, whereas Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Syrah are notable reds. Pinotage is another important variety that produces a signature style in South Africa.
United States is the fourth largest wine producing country of wine. Wine regions stretch from one side of the vast land to the other, with almost all states now growing grapes for making wine. Most of America’s wine production flows from the western states bordering the Pacific Ocean. California produces the largest amount of wine with more than 90% of the nation’s production. Washington, Oregon, and New York are also important regions, producing quality wines.
The enormous diversity of this continent has enabled an extensive selection of vines to flourish. Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon are widely planted, with both grapes capable of producing a remarkable range of styles. Merlot thrives, mostly in cheaper beverage wines and blends, although there are some outstanding varietal examples. Zinfandel produces chewy red wines and by contract fine rosé or blush wines, while Pinot Noir and some aromatic white varieties are impressive in the cooler regions.